Miscegenation: The Theory of the Blending of the Races, Applied to the American White Man and Negro


Miscegenation: The Theory of the Blending of the Races, Applied to the American White Man and Negro


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In 1863, during the American Civil War, two men co-authored this pamphlet, apparently in favour of the idea and practice of miscegenation. Its tone, however, suggests satire or inflammatory intent, and its real purpose was to discredit the Abolitionist movement and the Lincoln Administration by playing on racist fears common among whites. Pretending to be enlightened Abolitionists in favour of promoting the intermarriage of whites and blacks, the authors coined the term "miscegenation," meaning sexual relations or marriage between races. Page 61 refers to the presidential race of 1864 and suggests that the Republicans, Lincoln's party, should favour miscegenation in their platform. Needless to say, the pamphlet provoked controversy. The authors mailed out complimentary copies to prominent Abolitionists, requesting their opinions. The replies were generally favorable, expressing admiration for the pamphlet's ideals but urging the author to be cautious and not to make miscegenation an issue in Republican politics. However, the pamphlet was soon being advertised in Abolitionist papers and, before long, the Democratic press attempted to depict Republicans as promoters of mixed-race marriage. Eventually the truth came out - the pamphlet was really written by Democratic newspapermen. One of them, David Goodman Croly (1829 1889), was an American journalist associated with the New York World. The other, George Wakeman, also wrote for the World. Some sources list a third writer as E. C. Howell. Howell, whose initials were actually S. C., was the World's city editor but probably did not assist with the writing of the pamphlet. Interestingly, a copy of the pamphlet was mailed to Lincoln himself with a note attached hoping the president would promote it. Lincoln never responded, so the Democrats failed to get what they hoped for, a presidential endorsement of mixed-race marriage. The New York World lost money steadily and was bought out by Joseph Pulitzer in 1883. Perhaps the longest-lasting effect of the pamphlet was its coinage of the term miscegenation, still in use today. Sabin 49433.

Publication Info

  • Publisher: H. Dexter, Hamilton & Co
  • Edition: First Edition
  • Date Published: 1864
  • Place Published: New York
  • ISBN: n/a


  • Condition: Fair
  • Signed: No
  • Dust Jacket: No
  • Jacket Condition: n/a
  • Details:
    72 p. 19 cm. Brown paper covers. Spine has tears and chipped ends. Spotting to covers. Small tears in page edges.

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